Download A Grammar of Tommo So by Laura McPherson PDF

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By Laura McPherson

Tommo So is a Dogon language with nearly 60,000 audio system in Mali, West Africa. As basically the second one complete grammatical description of a Dogon language, this quantity is a serious source for fixing the secret of Dogon's genetic association with different languages in Africa. Tommo So is an SOV language with setting apart nominal morphology and agglutinative verbal morphology; suffixes at the verb mark tense/aspect/negation in addition to topic contract. The phonology is delicate to degrees of verbal morphology in that variable vowel concord applies much less usually as one strikes to outer layers of the morphology. The tone process of Tommo So is of typological curiosity in either its phonological and syntactic instantiations. Phonologically, it's a two-tone procedure of H and L, yet those specific tones distinction with a surface-underspecified tone. Grammatically, the lexical tone of a be aware is frequently overwritten via syntactically-induced overlays. for instance, an inalienable noun's tone could be changed with L whether it is possessed by means of a non-pronominal possessor, and through both H or HL if the possessor is pronominal. The language has additionally innovated a sequence of locative quasi-verbs and concentration debris delicate to pragmatic components like simple task.

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Additional resources for A Grammar of Tommo So

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1 Vowel inventory Tommo So has seven short vowel phonemes, each of which has an equivalent long vowel. In the practical orthography, long vowels are written as two consecutive vowels (/aa/ for IPA /aː/) since there are no contrasts between long vowels a sequence of two like vowels. Nasalization is also contrastive, though all phonemically nasalized vowels are long; in addition, only the three lowest vowels, /a/ and the [-ATR] mid vowels, have nasalized equivalents. This brings the total number of vowel phonemes up to seventeen, the same number as the consonants.

Thus, the nasal in níŋ-íyɛ́ ‘be afraid’ is not a canonical velar nasal and approaches /ɲ/ in its pronunciation, but we know the underlying form given other forms of the verb such as níŋɛ́ -ndɛ́ ‘scare’ with the factitive suffix. Since the velar nasal cannot appear in word-initial or word-final position, all minimal pairs reflect word-medial contrasts for nasality and place of articulation. 4 for more on phonotactics. 11 /s/ Before /i/, the alveolar /s/ has an optional allophone [ɕ], an alveolo-palatal fricative.

One of the biggest festivals of the year is Ondom Piri, wherein a series of dances take place over several days. People compose songs for these dances to point out the wrongdoings of community members in the previous year as a way of social policing. 5 Language use and vitality My experience in Mali suggests that Tommo So is not immediately threatened. Children in villages still learn it as their first language and use it almost exclusively until they are school-aged, when they begin to learn French.

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