By Laura McPherson
Tommo So is a Dogon language with nearly 60,000 audio system in Mali, West Africa. As basically the second one complete grammatical description of a Dogon language, this quantity is a serious source for fixing the secret of Dogon's genetic association with different languages in Africa. Tommo So is an SOV language with setting apart nominal morphology and agglutinative verbal morphology; suffixes at the verb mark tense/aspect/negation in addition to topic contract. The phonology is delicate to degrees of verbal morphology in that variable vowel concord applies much less usually as one strikes to outer layers of the morphology. The tone process of Tommo So is of typological curiosity in either its phonological and syntactic instantiations. Phonologically, it's a two-tone procedure of H and L, yet those specific tones distinction with a surface-underspecified tone. Grammatically, the lexical tone of a be aware is frequently overwritten via syntactically-induced overlays. for instance, an inalienable noun's tone could be changed with L whether it is possessed by means of a non-pronominal possessor, and through both H or HL if the possessor is pronominal. The language has additionally innovated a sequence of locative quasi-verbs and concentration debris delicate to pragmatic components like simple task.
Read Online or Download A Grammar of Tommo So PDF
Best communication books
Filenote: PDF is searchable photograph ocr, 260 pages with front/back cover
Publish 12 months observe: First released in 1980
Every day, you negotiate for whatever: status, cash, safety, love. This straight-talking advisor will provide help to get what you will want by way of dealing effectively along with your mate, your boss, credit card, your kids, your most sensible acquaintances or even your self. As Herb Cohen counsels, "Power relies upon perception-- for those who imagine you've bought it then you've bought it. wait and see, be own, be informed-- and you may cut price effectively for something. "
Based on his booklet that spent over 9 months at the manhattan occasions bestseller record, the writer offers particular directions, own anecdotes and functional suggestion drawn from his 3 many years of profitable negotiating adventure. here's a wealth of knowledge and the inducement it's essential to prevail.
"When you react, the development controls you. for those who reply, you're up to the mark. "
Verbal Judo is the vintage advisor to the martial paintings of the brain and mouth which may assist you defuse confrontations and generate cooperation, even if you're chatting with a chairman, a wife, or perhaps a youngster. For greater than a new release, Dr. George J. Thompson's crucial guide has taught humans the way to converse extra optimistically and persuasively in any state of affairs. Verbal Judo exhibits you the way to pay attention and communicate extra successfully, have interaction others via empathy (the strongest be aware within the English language), stay away from the most typical conversational mess ups, and use confirmed options to effectively show your element of view--and take the lead in such a lot disputes.
This up to date version contains a new foreword and a bankruptcy that includes Dr. Thompson's 5 common truths of "human interaction":
humans consider the necessity to be revered
humans might otherwise be requested than learn
humans have a wish to be aware of why
humans wish to have concepts over threats
humans are looking to have a moment chance
Stop being pissed off and misunderstood. cease discovering your self at the wasting finish of a controversy. With Verbal Judo you'll have the ability to have your say--and say what you suggest.
This e-book constitutes the completely refereed lawsuits of the second one overseas convention, GreeNets 2012, held in Gaudia, Spain, in October 2012. The eleven revised complete papers provided have been conscientiously chosen and reviewed. those papers signify 23. sixty eight% of the submissions and canopy issues similar to communications and networking, energy-efficient community structure and protocols, platforms and applied sciences, and energy-efficient administration.
In multicellular organisms, verbal exchange among cells comprises secretion of proteins that bind to receptors on neighboring cells. whereas this has been good documented, one other mode of intercellular communique has lately develop into the topic of accelerating curiosity: the discharge of exosomes. In melanoma, tumor exosomes are all for a variety of facets of pathogenesis, together with proliferation, immunosuppression, and metastasis.
- Coding for MIMO Communication Systems
- Error-Control Block Codes for Communications Engineers
- Language, Culture and Identity An Ethnolinguistic Perspective
- Future of Art in a Digital Age: From Hellenistic to Hebraic Consciousness (Intellect Books - European Communication Research and Educat)
- The Reputable Firm: How Digitalization of Communication Is Revolutionizing Reputation Management
Additional resources for A Grammar of Tommo So
1 Vowel inventory Tommo So has seven short vowel phonemes, each of which has an equivalent long vowel. In the practical orthography, long vowels are written as two consecutive vowels (/aa/ for IPA /aː/) since there are no contrasts between long vowels a sequence of two like vowels. Nasalization is also contrastive, though all phonemically nasalized vowels are long; in addition, only the three lowest vowels, /a/ and the [-ATR] mid vowels, have nasalized equivalents. This brings the total number of vowel phonemes up to seventeen, the same number as the consonants.
Thus, the nasal in níŋ-íyɛ́ ‘be afraid’ is not a canonical velar nasal and approaches /ɲ/ in its pronunciation, but we know the underlying form given other forms of the verb such as níŋɛ́ -ndɛ́ ‘scare’ with the factitive suﬃx. Since the velar nasal cannot appear in word-initial or word-ﬁnal position, all minimal pairs reﬂect word-medial contrasts for nasality and place of articulation. 4 for more on phonotactics. 11 /s/ Before /i/, the alveolar /s/ has an optional allophone [ɕ], an alveolo-palatal fricative.
One of the biggest festivals of the year is Ondom Piri, wherein a series of dances take place over several days. People compose songs for these dances to point out the wrongdoings of community members in the previous year as a way of social policing. 5 Language use and vitality My experience in Mali suggests that Tommo So is not immediately threatened. Children in villages still learn it as their ﬁrst language and use it almost exclusively until they are school-aged, when they begin to learn French.