By M. Tendahl
A upsetting new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made via relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid concept exhibits the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and probability of attaining a broader and extra sensible conception of our figuring out.
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Extra info for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics
What we have got so far is that requirements of mutual knowledge are too severe and that mutual manifestness is in general too weak. What to me seems to be a reasonable trade-off between the two competing frameworks is a construct that I would like to call lopsided mutual manifestness (mutual manifestnessL). Lopsided mutual manifestness (mutual manifestnessL) The minimum requirement for coordinated context available to n communicators is that the grounds of communication G be a strongly manifest assumption, that is, a represented assumption, to at least one communicator, usually the initiator of the topic, and at least a weakly manifest assumption to the remaining n – 1 communicators.
The first question is whether manifest assumptions which are possibly derivable from perception are categorically different from assumptions. Let us create an example for this case. Imagine that Nicole is standing behind Gary and that Gary has not noticed The Relevance-Theory Approach to Metaphor 23 her. He has not perceived her in any way and so he neither has knowledge of it, nor does he have the weakest assumption that Nicole is standing behind him. His cognitive environment does not allow him to infer Nicole’s presence in a demonstrative way.
In their search for the intended context, addressees may have to extend an available context. They start with an initial context, which consists of the proposition that has been processed most recently, because this context is directly accessible and rather small. In a conversation, for example, this is usually the interpretation of the immediately preceding utterance. Speakers, however, can deliberately or accidentally design their utterance so that sufficient relevance is not immediately achieved.