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By Tadeusz Kudra

Presents Drying Breakthroughs for an Array of Materials

Despite being one of many oldest, so much energy-intensive unit operations, business drying might be the least scrutinized strategy on the microscopic point. but within the wake of today’s worldwide strength hindrance, drying learn and improvement is at the upward push.

Following within the footsteps of the generally learn first version, Advanced Drying applied sciences, moment Edition is the direct end result of the hot extraordinary progress in drying literature and new drying undefined. This version offers an evaluative review of recent and rising drying applied sciences, whereas putting higher emphasis on making the drying approach extra strength effective within the green age.

Draws at the Authors’ 60+ Years of mixed Experience

Fueled by way of the present power drawback and becoming shopper call for for more suitable caliber items, this completely up-to-date source addresses state of the art drying applied sciences for varied fabrics similar to high-valued, heat-sensitive prescribed drugs, nutraceuticals, and a few meals. It additionally introduces cutting edge recommendations, resembling heat-pump drying of meals, which enable either commercial perform and study and improvement tasks to save lots of strength, lessen carbon footprints, and hence increase the base line.

Four New Chapters:

  • Spray-Freeze-Drying
  • Fry Drying
  • Refractance Window Drying
  • Mechanical Thermal Expression

Requiring no past wisdom of chemical engineering, this single-source reference may still support researchers in turning the laboratory curiosities of this present day into the progressive novel drying applied sciences of tomorrow.

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Extra info for Advanced drying technologies

Sample text

They have shown that the three-region model predicts an outlet air temperature and drying rate with deviations from experiments of less than 15% in contrast to the thermodynamic equilibrium model where a 50% difference was obtained between model estimates and experimental data. The three-region model is built on the assumption that the solids temperature (inert particle and drying material) is equal to the wet bulb temperature at the outlet from each region. In our opinion, better accuracy from the model could be expected when allowing for material temperature higher than the wet bulb temperature, as shown in several papers revieved in the previous paragraph.

The flow of particles over the supporting grid along with the mechanical action of the screw conveyor facilitates abrasion of the dry coat so the particles transported by the screw conveyor are essentially free of the drying material. Unlike spouted and fluidized bed dryers, which require relatively smallsized inert particles, relatively large balls (18 to 40 mm in diameter) made of plastics are used as inert carriers in Ecal dryers. 1 mm to 1 mm. Inlet and outlet air temperatures vary from 150° to 65°C and from 50° to 25°C, respectively.

Consequently, most of studies aimed at process modeling have been carried out with conical spouted beds. Pham (1983) has proposed a simple model for the classical spouted bed dryer with clearly separated spout and annulus zones. Though no interaction between these two zones was assumed, he obtained satisfactory agreement between his model predictions and experimental data. A more realistic approach, which accounts for interaction between gas and particles, was proposed by Barret and Fane (1989).

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