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By Saartje Verbeke

The publication presents an summary of the alignment styles present in sleek Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract results in a balanced view at the inspiration of ergativity and evaluates its worth for typological linguistics. The ebook bargains an in depth dialogue of earlier methods to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The e-book is a radical synchronic learn of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.

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Extra info for Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages

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According to Heath (1979, 1980) syntactically ergative constructions do not often occur in Dyirbal and most of these constructions can be explained by other mechanisms such as the “indefinite-NP deletion” rule (Heath 1979: 415). In his view, all indefinite NP’s can be deleted in Dyirbal, irrespective of whether they are A, S, or O. Dixon’s interpretation that S and O are treated in the same way in coordination patterns is nothing but a misunderstanding of this “indefinite-NP deletion” rule. Heath further argues that the apparent syntactic ergative pattern is in fact caused by mechanisms that primarily function to distinguish nominal from pronominal coreferential arguments.

I prefer O to P for the other argument of a transitive clause because P is generally associated with the semantic role of patient, whereas O does not carry this association and also includes other semantic roles, such as theme, and refers more generally to object entities or domains (cf. Bossong 2006: 237). For the same reasons, I prefer the abbreviation O to refer to the theme/patient argument in ditransitive constructions. IO is preferred for specific reasons of argument coding in Indo-Aryan languages, to which I turn in Chapter 2 in more detail.

Klimov 1974; Tuite et al. 1985). One type of semantic alignment is indeed based on an active-stative and agent-patient distinction (cf. Nichols 1990; Mithun 1991). In an active-stative construction, the semantics of the verb determines the argument coding. , ‘dance’, ‘jump’ and most transitive verbs), S is coded in the same way as A. , ‘fall’, ‘sleep’), S is coded in the same way as O. , whether S is agentive or patientive) determine the coding; for instance, in John falls, John may fall either intentionally, to draw attention, or John may accidentally stumble and fall (cf.

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