By Peter F. Semple
This useful sized pocket reference is designed to supply a professional yet concise evaluate of the most important parts of high blood pressure that would be of curiosity and relevance to clinicians. hugely illustrated in complete colour, with lucid textual content and tough self-assessment questions, the e-book might be of curiosity to citizens and different physicians nervous to replace their wisdom during this box.
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Extra resources for An Illustrated Pocketbook of Hypertension
Associated features that would heighten suspicion for a true cardiac etiology include exercise intolerance, palpitations or shortness of breath with activity, presyncope or syncope, or a family history of congenital heart disease or sudden cardiac death. Physical Examination A complete cardiovascular, respiratory, and abdominal examination should be performed. The physical examination of the patient presenting with chest pain should initially focus on the vital signs. After documenting a stable regular heart rate and rhythm, respirations, and blood pressure, a thorough physical examination should focus on finding noncardiac causes.
Is the patient age-appropriate for height, weight, and blood pressure? 8. Does the patient complain primarily of shortness of breath or of easy fatigability with activity? The details of the history should note the onset of symptoms, the frequency of occurrence, and the specific precipitating factors. Associated features such as palpitations, chest pain, dizziness, or syncope should increase the suspicion of a true cardiac etiology. , pallor or plethora), perioral tingling, or paresthesia should be evaluated.
Standing or rising to standing are the most common positional relationships. Etiology Categories of syncope include noncardiac, cardiac, and neurocardiogenic (Box 1-4). Syncope in most young patients will not be life-threatening, but the physician’s aim must be to identify the patient at risk for a serious event. If a true syncopal event has occurred, an accurate description of the event is often sufficient to alert the physician to the likely cause. Pediatric Evaluation of the Cardiac Patient 21 Box 1-4 Differential Diagnosis of Syncope AUTONOMIC Neurocardiogenic Reflex or situational Breath-holding Pallid Cyanotic Swallowing Hair-combing Stretch Carotid sinus hypersensitivity Cough Micturition Defecation Excessive vagal tone or hypervagotonia Orthostatic Anemia Hypovolemia or dehydration Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome Dysautonomia CARDIAC Arrhythmias Tachycardias Supraventricular tachycardia or Wolff-ParkinsonWhite syndrome Atrial flutter Atrial fibrillation Junctional tachycardia Ventricular tachycardia Ventricular fibrillation Bradycardias Sinus Asystole Atrioventricular block Pacemaker malfunction Long QT syndrome Sinus node dysfunction Atrioventricular block Noncardiac Syncope Noncardiac syncope includes neurologic, metabolic, drug or toxin exposure, and psychogenic etiologies.